A newly discovered vulnerability found in the VPU (Video Processing Unit) - CVE-2022-21778 - has been identified as a potential threat to information security for devices using VPU. The vulnerability, which allows potential information disclosure due to incorrect bounds checking, could lead to local escalation of privilege with System execution privileges needed. What's more concerning is that user interaction is not required for this exploitation. In this in-depth post, we will explore the vulnerability, how it can be exploited, and the importance of applying the associated patch (Patch ID: ALPS06382421, Issue ID: ALPS06382421).


In today's world, many devices rely heavily on VPU technology to handle video content efficiently. As a result, the security and integrity of the VPU are crucial to ensuring that these devices remain protected against potential exploits that could lead to sensitive information being leaked.

The Vulnerability (CVE-2022-21778)

The vulnerability at the core of this issue stems from a failure to perform proper bounds checks during the VPU operation. This lack of correct bounds checking makes it possible for an attacker to disclose sensitive information stored in the memory of the affected device. The key factor that makes this an even more significant threat is that no user interaction is needed for the exploit to be successful.

Exploiting the Vulnerability

To fully understand this exploit, we will be looking at a code snippet that demonstrates how this vulnerability can manifest:

#include <stdio.h>

int main() {
    int arr[5] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
    int index, value;

    printf("Enter the index you wish to access: ");
    scanf("%d", &index);

    value = arr[index]; // Incorrect bounds checking
    printf("Value at index %d is: %d\n", index, value);

    return ;

As you can see in the above code snippet, the incorrect bounds checking happens when a user inputs an index value that is outside the array limits. This leads to information disclosure from the system's memory, which an attacker can exploit to escalate privileges.

Mitigating the Vulnerability

To address this potential exploit, a patch has been released - Patch ID: ALPS06382421, and it is strongly urged for users and system administrators to apply it to the affected devices. This patch corrects the VPU bounds checking issue, preventing an attacker from taking advantage of this vulnerability.

Original References

1. VPU - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_processing_unit
2. CVE-2022-21778 - https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-21778
3. Patch ID: ALPS06382421 - https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mediatek/patch/1649018967-380-1-git-send-email-fu.chun.ling@mediatek.com/


This in-depth exploration of the CVE-2022-21778 vulnerability demonstrates the potential dangers posed to VPU-enabled devices by incorrect bounds checking. The information disclosed in this exploit can have significant impacts on personal and business privacy, making it vital for users to be aware of the threat and take immediate action by applying the necessary patch.

By gaining a deeper understanding of the vulnerability, its exploitation, and the proposed mitigation, we can work together to create a more secure environment for our devices and the sensitive information they hold. Remember, keeping up-to-date with the latest patches and being informed about potential threats is the first step in ensuring the ongoing security of our digital lives.


Published on: 11/08/2022 21:15:00 UTC
Last modified on: 11/09/2022 17:40:00 UTC