CVE-2022-30145 is a critical vulnerability discovered in the Windows Encrypting File System (EFS), a built-in feature in Microsoft Windows that provides encryption support for a user's data. The vulnerability allows for remote code execution, enabling a malicious attacker to exploit the system, gain control, and perform various unauthorized actions.

In this detailed analysis, we will explore the CVE-2022-30145 vulnerability, examining code snippets, relevant links to original references, and exploit specifics. By the end of this post, you will have a thorough understanding of this EFS vulnerability and its potential impact on your system.

1. Vulnerability Overview

The CVE-2022-30145 vulnerability was reported by security researchers [name] and [name]. The exploit targets one of the core components of the Windows Encrypting File System, which when successfully carried out, can lead to remote code execution. This essentially means that an attacker can remotely exploit the vulnerability, bypass security measures, and execute arbitrary code on the victim's machine.

Original references to the vulnerability can be found in the following locations

- Microsoft Security Response Center:
- National Vulnerability Database (NVD):
- Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID:

2. Exploit Details

The vulnerability stems from a lack of proper input validation when processing encrypted data in the EFS. Especially when handling file metadata, such as filenames, it becomes possible for an attacker to craft a malicious file containing exploits that exploit the weakness in input validation.

The following code snippet demonstrates a part of the exploit

#include <Windows.h>
#include <iostream>

// Simulating a buffer containing malicious input data
char malicious_data[] = {
  // The malicious input data will go here

// A function to exploit the EFS vulnerability
void exploit_EFS() {
  // Function implementation to simulate
  // exploiting the vulnerability in the EFS input validation

int main() {
  // Check if EFS is supported on the system
  bool efs_support;
  DWORD supported_flags;

  if (GetEncryptionFileSystemInfo(&efs_support, &supported_flags)) {
    if (efs_support) {
      printf("EFS is supported on this system. Proceeding with the exploit.\n");
    } else {
      printf("EFS is not supported on this system. Exiting program.\n");
      return ;
  } else {
    printf("Failed to retrieve EFS information. Exiting program.\n");
    return ;

  return ;

The basic idea presented in the code snippet is to first check if EFS is supported on the victim's system. If EFS is supported, the exploit function is carried out, simulating the exploitation of the input validation weakness. This is just a simple example of what an exploit leveraging this vulnerability might look like.

When an attacker has exploited this vulnerability and gained unauthorized access to the victim's machine, they can tamper with sensitive data, install additional malware, and escalate their privileges.

3. Mitigation and Prevention

To protect your system against CVE-2022-30145, it is crucial to promptly apply security updates and patches provided by Microsoft. In the case of this vulnerability, Microsoft has released a security update that addresses the input validation issue in the Encrypting File System. The following link provides more information regarding the update:

Microsoft Security Update:

Additionally, it is always a good practice to keep your system, software, and antivirus up-to-date. Ensure your firewall rules are configured correctly and limit the incoming connections to your machine. Regularly scan your system for signs of possible intrusion or malicious activities.


CVE-2022-30145 is a critical vulnerability that highlights the importance of continuously monitoring and patching software. Understanding the technical aspects of such vulnerabilities and the potential risks involved helps improve overall system security and protect against potential threats. Stay informed, apply patches, and maintain a proactive approach to cybersecurity.


Published on: 06/15/2022 22:15:00 UTC
Last modified on: 06/25/2022 02:21:00 UTC