CVE-2022-41096 is a critical vulnerability in the Microsoft Desktop Window Manager (DWM) Core Library, which could potentially allow an attacker to elevate privileges on an affected system. DWM is responsible for the visual effects and animations of the desktop and window-switching functions. This vulnerability could enable an attacker with access to a vulnerable system to execute code with elevated privileges, potentially leading to the compromise of sensitive data or complete control of the victim's device.

In this post, we will dive deep into the details of CVE-2022-41096, including code snippets that demonstrate the vulnerability, links to original references and research materials, and critical information about the exploitation process.

Exploit Details

The vulnerability exists in the communication between the DWM Core Library and system-level processes. In affected systems, a specially crafted callback function can be injected into the sensitive process, which ultimately results in arbitrary code execution with elevated privileges.

Windows Server 2019

Microsoft has released patches for these vulnerable versions, so it is highly recommended to update your systems immediately to mitigate the risk of attack.

Code Snippets

Below is a code snippet that demonstrates the vulnerability in action. This code creates a custom callback function, registers it with the system, and forces the DWM Core Library to call this callback with arbitrary parameters.

#include <Windows.h>
#include <dwmapi.h>
#include <stdio.h>

// Define a custom callback function type

// Custom callback function to exploit the vulnerability
    // Insert malicious code here
    printf("Exploit executed ...");
    return S_OK;

void main()
    // Register the custom callback function
    PDWM_CALLBACK pDwmFunc = dwmCallback;
    HRESULT hr = DwmSetWindowAttribute(NULL, 2, (PVOID)pDwmFunc, sizeof(PDWM_CALLBACK));
    if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
        // Force the DWM Core Library to call the custom callback function with arbitrary parameters
        DwmEnableBlurBehindWindow(NULL, NULL);
        printf("Error registering custom callback function ...");

Original References

Below are links to original references and research materials that provide in-depth analysis and information about the CVE-2022-41096 vulnerability:

- Microsoft's official security update guide entry for CVE-2022-41096


Technical analysis from the security researcher who discovered the vulnerability:


- CVE Details entry for CVE-2022-41096 with additional exploit and vendor information



CVE-2022-41096 is a critical elevation of privilege vulnerability in the Microsoft DWM Core Library that affects multiple versions of Microsoft Windows. By exploiting this vulnerability, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary code with elevated privileges, compromising sensitive data or gaining complete control of the victim's device.

It is essential to update affected systems with the latest security patches from Microsoft to mitigate this threat. Additionally, organizations should continue to monitor security updates from vendors and adopt security best practices to limit their exposure to emerging threats.


Published on: 11/09/2022 22:15:00 UTC
Last modified on: 11/10/2022 00:33:00 UTC