The Weintek Weincloud, a popular industrial IoT cloud and remote solution, has recently been identified with a potentially devastating exploit. This vulnerability, designated as CVE-2023-34429, could allow an attacker to cause a denial-of-service (DoS) condition for the Weincloud by sending a forged JSON Web Token (JWT). This post will provide an overview of the vulnerability, along with a brief code snippet, original references, and discussion of potential exploit details.
The Vulnerability (CVE-2023-34429)
A key element of the popular Weintek Weincloud v.13.6 is its use and validation of JWT tokens for user authentication. An unexpected vulnerability has been discovered in this process that could potentially allow an attacker to create a forged JWT token, causing a DoS condition for the Weincloud service. This vulnerability is relevant for both the cloud server and the local web servers.
A key problem with the JWT token validation mechanism lies in an improper implementation of the signature verification process. The vulnerability can be exploited by sending a specially crafted JWT token that bypasses the verification mechanism, as shown below:
//Example of a manipulated JWT token var fake_jwt_token = "eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJzdWIiOiIxMjMNTY3ODkwIiwibmFtZSI6IkpvaG4gRG9lIiwiaWFIjoxNTE2MjM5MDIyfQ.SflKxwRJSMeKKF2QT4fwpMeJf36POk6yJV_adLl-34729" //This is a standard JSON Web Token with a manipulated signature
To exploit this vulnerability, the attacker simply needs to craft and send the fake_jwt_token to either the cloud or local server. The server, not correctly verifying the signature, will then process the fake JWT token, potentially causing a DoS condition for Weincloud services.
The vulnerability was first reported by an independent security researcher and has now been accepted and published at the following sources:
- The National Vulnerability Database (NVD): https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2023-34429
- The CVE List: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2023-34429
While the vulnerability is considered exploitable and severe, it is important to note that certain conditions must be met for an attack to be successful. The attacker must have network access to the targeted Weincloud server and have knowledge of the JWT structure and usage within the Weincloud ecosystem. Furthermore, the attacker needs to craft a specifically malformed JWT token that can trick the JWT validation process and cause the DoS condition.
System administrators are advised to monitor network traffic closely and watch for unusual activities, or potential exploitation attempts. This vulnerability is likely to be patched in upcoming Weintek Weincloud releases, so users are advised to stay up-to-date on security advisories and apply patches promptly when they become available.
The CVE-2023-34429 vulnerability in Weintek Weincloud v.13.6 poses a significant threat to IoT cloud and remote systems that rely on this platform. This vulnerability highlights the need for rigorous security verification and testing in the growing field of IoT cloud infrastructure. It is crucial for all users to audit their systems and apply relevant security patches as soon as they become available, as well as monitor their networks for any potential attacks to prevent a denial-of-service condition.
Published on: 07/19/2023 22:15:00 UTC
Last modified on: 07/26/2023 16:17:00 UTC