A newly discovered vulnerability tracked as CVE-2022-21975 has been identified in Windows Hyper-V - a native hypervisor included in the Windows operating system. This critical vulnerability exposes the systems to a potential Denial of Service (DoS) attack, and it's crucial to understand the exploit details, references, and potential mitigation steps. This post will provide a deep-dive analysis of CVE-2022-21975 and offer guidance on protecting your systems against the vulnerability.

What is CVE-2022-21975?

CVE-2022-21975 is a vulnerability within Microsoft's Hyper-V hypervisor that, if exploited, could allow an attacker to cause a Denial of Service (DoS) attack on the target system. Such an attack could crash the affected system and potentially enable further exploitation of other vulnerabilities.


For more information on the CVE-2022-21975 vulnerability, consult the following original sources provided by the National Vulnerability Database (NVD) and Microsoft:

1. National Vulnerability Database (NVD) - CVE-2022-21975
2. Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) - Hyper-V Denial of Service Vulnerability

Exploit Details

The exact details of this vulnerability haven't been publicly disclosed to prevent potential attackers from exploiting it. However, we do know that the vulnerability exploits a weakness in Hyper-V in handling specific inputs, likely resulting from a coding error or failure to properly validate these inputs.

As an example of how an attacker might exploit the vulnerability, consider the following pseudo-code snippet:

// Hypothetical code snippet within Hyper-V

void process_input(input_type input) {
    if (validate_input(input)) {
    } else {
        // Improper handling of invalid input!

In the above code snippet example, note that the process_input function might crash the system when receiving invalid input. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending carefully crafted input to the Hyper-V instance, which bypasses the validation step and directly triggers the crash_system() function, resulting in a DoS attack.

Though this is only an example, it illustrates the potential danger posed by CVE-2022-21975.

Mitigation Techniques

As of now, there has been no released patch for CVE-2022-21975. Therefore, it is important for organizations using Windows Hyper-V to implement security best practices for protecting their systems. The following techniques can provide some protection:

1. Monitor system logs and implement an intrusion detection system (IDS) to detect unexpected behavior within the Hyper-V environment.
2. Keep all Hyper-V instances updated to the latest versions and patches available, regularly checking for new updates and patches from Microsoft.
3. Limit user access to necessary actions, such as creating, modifying, and deleting virtual machines. Use access control lists (ACLs) and group policies to enforce these limitations effectively.

Utilize a secure, encrypted connection (e.g., VPN) for remote management of Hyper-V instances.

5. Avoid using default credentials for Hyper-V and implement strong authentication mechanisms, such as multi-factor authentication (MFA).

As soon as a patch becomes available from Microsoft, it is critical to apply the update immediately and follow their recommended guidelines to protect your systems from CVE-2022-21975.


CVE-2022-21975 presents a significant risk to organizations using Windows Hyper-V and could lead to severe consequences if exploited. By understanding the vulnerability, referencing the original sources, and implementing mitigation techniques, you can minimize the risk to your systems and ensure that they are as secure as possible. Keep an eye on new developments regarding this vulnerability and be prepared to act quickly when a patch becomes available.


Published on: 03/09/2022 17:15:00 UTC
Last modified on: 05/23/2022 17:29:00 UTC